e-Learning System Integrity and Human Development: Tackling Observed Spectrum of Doubts in National Development


  • Elijah Babasola Afolabi AGBAJE, PhD


e-Learning, human development, system integrity, national development, Nigeria


ICT has become the bedrock of the much-anticipated accelerated development of people and nation across the globe. Viewing the role of ICT and human development as key components and catalysts of national development, this paper interrogates barriers that pertains to e-learning system integrity that are capable of making the attainment of the promised gains on national development an impossible task It is a common knowledge that in advanced countries with well-developed infrastructures, these promises are already becoming realities. Specifically, in the education and human development sector, much advancement has been procured that moved education beyond the Face to Face model with dual-mode institutions becoming commonplace. It is also a fact that while such gains can be replicated in all human communities worldwide, there are limitations that serve as obstacles to such aspiration in some climes. Deploying both content analysis and survey methods to assess the experience of citizens and users focusing on the infrastructural correlates of the ICT wonders, it was realized that some developing countries are already aspiring to develop complete online mode as alternate model to the traditional method. But, despite the level of knowledge available and availability of global assistance in development of expertise and frameworks, there still exist some spectrum of doubts about this optimism in Nigeria. It is noticed that while the stakes are high, infrastructural and systemic challenges posing serious doubts about realization of this aspiration are ever-increasing. This paper therefore submits that unless certain observed drawbacks, which largely bothers on power and internet service infrastructure, local technological expertise and costs as components of the wide spectrum of national development are addressed as compliments of the ODL/OERs development, attainment of human development by e-learning as catalyst of national development will be an impossible task.

Résumé : Les TIC sont désormais au cœur du développement accéléré tant attendu des peuples et des nations à travers le monde. Partant de l’hypothèse du rôle incontournable des TICs et du développement humain comme catalyseurs de développement national, le présent article s’interroge sur les obstacles à l'intégrité des systèmes d’enseignement en ligne, obstacles capables de freiner la réalisation des gains promis en matière de développement national. On sait que dans les pays avancés dotés d'infrastructures bien développées, ces promesses sont en passe de devenir réalité. Plus précisément, dans le secteur de l'éducation et du développement humain, suffisamment de progrès a été réalisés pour permettre de dépasser le modèle en face-à-face, avec pour conséquence la multiplication d’établissements où l’enseignement bimodal est la norme. On sait aussi que si ces avancées peuvent potentiellement être reproduites dans toutes les communautés humaines, il existe des limitations pouvant faire obstacle à une telle aspiration dans certains pays. A l’aide de méthodes d'analyse de contenu et de sondage, la présente étude a cherché à évaluer les expériences des citoyens et utilisateurs et, en se focalisant sur les corrélats infrastructurels des merveilles des TICs, a pu observer que certains pays en développement aspiraient déjà à l’enseignement en ligne intégral pour remplacer le mode en face-à-face. Or, en dépit de l’existence d’un certain niveau de savoir-faire en la matière et de la disponibilité d'une assistance mondiale pour le développement du savoir-faire et des cadres nécessaires, des doutes persistent au Nigéria quant à cet optimisme. On constate que si les enjeux sont de taille, les défis infrastructurels et systémiques qui font douter de la possibilité de cette aspiration ne cessent d’augmenter. Le présent article soutient par conséquent qu'à moins de s’attaquer d’abord aux obstacles observés qui concernent le manque d’infrastructure énergétique et de réseau internet, le manque de savoir-faire technologique local, les coûts de la connexion internet trop onéreux qui sont partie intégrante du large éventail du développement national, de les traiter comme des compliments au développement des FOAD/REO l’objectif d’un développement humain par l’enseignement en ligne comme catalyseur du développement national risque de demeurer mission impossible.

Author Biography

Elijah Babasola Afolabi AGBAJE, PhD

Department of Political Sciences,
Osun State University,
Osogbo, Nigeria 


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How to Cite

Agbaje, E. B. (2019). e-Learning System Integrity and Human Development: Tackling Observed Spectrum of Doubts in National Development. West African Journal of Open and Flexible Learning, 7(2), 19–40. Retrieved from https://wajofel.org/index.php/wajofel/article/view/31



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