Applying Dual Flexible Open Schooling System to Universal Basic Education: A Panacea for Accomplishing Sustainable Development Goal 4 in Nigeria


  • Fidel Okopi National Open University of Nigeria
  • Jeremiah J. O. Obera


Dual flexible open schooling system, flexible curriculum, Nigerian open schooling programme, education for all, SDG 4, lifelong learning


The paper examined the concept of the Dual Flexible Open Schooling system, the Nigerian version of the open schooling system of education, the place of open schooling in widening access, cost-efficiency and quality education at Universal Basic Education (UBE) levels in Nigeria. The paper also explained the possible applicability of the Dual Flexible Open Schooling System, to Universal Basic Education as a panacea to accomplishing Sustainable Development Goal 4 in Nigeria. In specific terms, the paper discussed how dual flexible open schooling strategy, which is a form of open and distance eLearning, can be introduced in Universal Basic Education in Nigeria vis-a-vis the primary and secondary schools. The paper explored the concept of open schooling, the Open Schooling System via the Universal Basic Education Programme in Nigeria, UBE’s latest initiatives of the Open Schooling System, and the Commonwealth of Learning intervention in the UBE programme. The paper also identified strategies to achieve Sustainable Development Goal 4 (SDG4) via the Dual Flexible open schooling System and its implications for the Nigeria Education System. Also discussed in the paper, is why Nigeria needs Dual Flexible Schooling or Open Schooling System. The paper identified Instructional materials and equipment used mainly in open schooling system including print (Textbooks, pamphlets, handouts, study guides, manuals), Audio (Cassettes, microphone, podcast) Visual (Charts, real objects, photographs, transparencies) Audio-visual (Slides, tapes, films, filmstrips, television, video, multimedia) Electronic Interactive (Computers, graphing calculators, tablets)


Ce travail explique le concept du système de l’enseignement à distance flexible à double cursus, la version nigériane du système des écoles de l’enseignement à distance, la signification de l'école ouverte pour élargir l'accès, la rentabilité et la qualité de l'éducation au niveau de l'éducation de base universelle au Nigeria. Le travail a également expliqué la possibilité l’enseignement à distance flexible à double cursus à l'éducation de base universelle comme une panacée pour atteindre l'objectif de développement durable 4 au Nigeria. En termes concrets, l'article explique comment la stratégie de l'enseignement ouvert flexible et double, qui est une forme d'apprentissage en ligne ouvert et à distance, peut être introduite dans l'éducation de base universelle au Nigeria, dans les écoles primaires et secondaires. Le travail a examiné le concept de scolarisation à distance, le système de scolarisation à distance par le biais du programme d'éducation de base universelle au Nigeria, les dernières initiatives du système de scolarisation à distance, l'intervention du Commonwealth of Learning dans le programme UBE. Le travail identifie également des stratégies pour atteindre l'objectif de développement durable 4 (SDG4) par le biais d'un système de scolarisation ouverte flexible et ses implications pour le système éducatif nigérian. L'article aborde également la question de savoir pourquoi le Nigeria a besoin d'un système de scolarisation flexible ou d'un système de scolarisation ouvert. Le document identifie le matériel pédagogique utilisé principalement dans le système de scolarisation ouvert, à savoir les documents imprimés (manuels scolaires, brochures, polycopiés, guides d'étude, manuels), audio (cassettes, micro, podcast), visuels (graphiques, objets réels, photographies, transparents), audiovisuels (diapositives, bandes, films, bandes de film, télévision, vidéo, multimédia), électroniques interactifs (ordinateurs, calculatrices graphiques, tablettes).

Mots clés: Système dual de scolarisation flexible ouvert; programme flexible; programme nigérian de scolarisation ouverte ; éducation pour tous ; ODD 4 ; apprentissage tout au long de la vie.


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How to Cite

Okopi, F. ., & Obera, J. J. O. . (2021). Applying Dual Flexible Open Schooling System to Universal Basic Education: A Panacea for Accomplishing Sustainable Development Goal 4 in Nigeria. West African Journal of Open and Flexible Learning, 10(1), 99–118. Retrieved from



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