Open Textbook Adoption: Implication for Chemistry Education in Nigerian Secondary Schools


  • Priscilla O. Dave-Ugwu
  • Anthonia E. Onah
  • Eunice O Chukwunwogor


Open Textbook, Traditional Print, Chemistry Education


This paper examines the implication of the use of open textbook for Chemistry Education in Nigerian secondary schools by reviewing different related articles to bring out the usefulness of Open textbook in teaching and learning of Chemistry. An open textbook is a free textbook that can be used freely by everyone. It is offered online by the author and has no copyright or Digital Rights Management (DRM) restrictions. Open textbook is accessible to all intended users. Both teachers and students, everybody is free to use it in different ways. The traditional print formats that have been in use for ages are facing the danger of extinction and the transition to digital textbook format is rapid. The advantages and challenges of adoption of open textbook were highlighted in this paper. From the review it was revealed that the use of open textbook in the education system improves teaching and learning significantly, have dependable quality and easy to use with reduced cost, as well as having the potential to increase the teacher's opportunity to make input in the curriculum development. But the use is not without challenges. In open textbooks lack of quality and effectiveness is not ruled out. This notwithstanding, the adoption and use of open textbook is highly recommended by the researchers as an effective tool in Chemistry education in Nigerian secondary schools in anticipation that with time some of these challenges will be mitigated.


Cet article examine l'implication de l'utilisation de manuels ouverts pour l'enseignement de la chimie dans les écoles secondaires nigérianes en examinant différents articles connexes pour faire ressortir l'utilité des manuels ouverts dans l'enseignement et l'apprentissage de la chimie. Un manuel ouvert est un manuel gratuit qui peut être utilisé librement par tout le monde. Il est proposé en ligne par l'auteur et n'a aucune restriction de droit d'auteur ou de gestion des droits numériques (DRM). Le manuel ouvert est accessible à tous les utilisateurs visés. Enseignants et élèves, chacun est libre de l'utiliser de différentes manières. Les formats imprimés traditionnels qui ont été utilisés pendant des siècles sont menacés d'extinction et la transition vers le format manuel numérique est rapide. Les avantages et les défis de l'adoption de manuels ouverts ont été mis en évidence dans cet article. De l'examen, il a été révélé que l'utilisation de manuels ouverts dans le système éducatif améliore considérablement l'enseignement et l'apprentissage, a une qualité fiable et facile à utiliser avec un coût réduit, tout en ayant le potentiel d'augmenter la possibilité pour l'enseignant de contribuer au programme développement. Mais l'utilisation n'est pas sans défis. Dans les manuels ouverts, le manque de qualité et d'efficacité n'est pas exclu. Néanmoins, l'adoption et l'utilisation de manuels ouverts sont fortement recommandées par les chercheurs en tant qu'outil efficace dans l'enseignement de la chimie dans les écoles secondaires nigérianes en prévision qu'avec le temps, certains de ces défis seront atténués.


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How to Cite

Dave-Ugwu , P. O., Onah , A. E., & Chukwunwogor, E. O. (2020). Open Textbook Adoption: Implication for Chemistry Education in Nigerian Secondary Schools. West African Journal of Open and Flexible Learning, 9(1), 25–40. Retrieved from



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